Thursday, 09 May 2019 20:50

Electric Bicycles Become Real Transportation for RVers Featured

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It’s not unusual to see an RV towing a dinghy, usually a small car or SUV. A motorcycle or two on a small trailer is also common. And people almost expect to see bicycles on a trailer- or motorhome-mounted rack.

Bicycles had been less about transportation, though, and more about exercise and fun. Advances in battery and motor technology are making electric-assist bicycles—or e-bikes—into real transportation alternatives.

E-Bike Classes Dictate Use

In Florida, as in many states, electric-assist bicycles with a top speed of 20 miles per hour and no throttle require no registration and no driver’s license with motorcycle endorsement. Florida e-bike operators must be 16, but they do not need a license—unless the bike is a Class 2 or a Class 3.

Here’s the breakdown on e-bike classes:

  • Class 1. The most common e-bike, it can be pedaled alone but has an electric motor that assists pedaling. It cannot have a battery more powerful than 750 watts or a top speed higher than 20 mph. A passenger is allowed. No helmet is required.
  • Class 2. A throttle can propel this e-bike without pedaling. Florida requires a Class 2 to be registered and an operator to have a driver’s license with a motorcycle endorsement
  • Class 3. This is serious transportation, with some models having a top speed approaching 30 mph. Florida and most states consider a Class 3 a motorcycle requiring registration and a licensed operator with a motorcycle endorsement.

Using an e-bike on a trail or sidewalk is not allowed in Florida. Use in parks is often governed by local law or the agency overseeing the facility. A Class 2 or 3 might be restricted to areas open to motor vehicles. You’ll have to check before using these sites.

For regulations by state, check out People for Bikes.

Big Boost

Peopleforbikes.org, which promotes bicycle riding, endorses e-bike use. It says e-bikes will help people ride when they might not be able to use a traditional pedal-only bike “due to limited physical fitness, age, disability or convenience.”

You might not want to ride a pedal-only bike to a restaurant or work, or even to visit a friend, if doing so would soak you in sweat. E-bikes reduce or eliminate sweating. And if pedaling is too stressful physically, electric-assisted pedaling may let you ride a bicycle again. (Don’t take our word for it, though. Consult your physician.)

Range varies, but it’s not unusual to get up to 40 miles per charge from a sub-$1,500 e-bike that is also pedaled, and up to 100 miles on a $2,500 e-bike. That will get you to places that might be too far from your campsite to pedal comfortably without an electric assist.

All Sorts of e-Bikes

There’s not one kind of e-bike. There are single-speed boulevard cruisers with pedal-assist only; fat-tired e-bikes for sand or snow; road bikes with multiple gear sets, which ease pedal-only travel; and e-assist mountain bikes (eMTB), also with multiple gear sets.

Some e-bikes have big hubs containing a lithium-ion battery, motor and gearing (think Copenhagen Wheel). Copenhagen wheels can be fitted to an existing bike or bought mounted to a new frame. Many new e-bikes have batteries that mount on the frame and a motor that clips onto the pedal-driven sprocket (as with the FLX Bike).

To Learn More

Check out the e-bike section of Bicycling.com, produced by Hearst’s Bicycling magazine, which has a reputation for solid reporting on and testing of bicycles. It has evaluated less-expensive e-bikes as well as higher-end models.

Features To Look For

If you’re not handy, make sure your bike comes mostly assembled.

The following features make an e-bike more enjoyable:

  • Battery as close as possible to 700 watts, without exceeding that if you want to avoid registration.
  • Available extra battery.
  • 40-100 mile range.
  • Gear sets 7 speeds or higher, to ease pedal-only biking and to preserve battery power.
  • A motor that disengages when not needed, also preserving power.
  • Front suspension (for off-road use).
  • Fat tires (for use in sand or snow).
  • Handlebar-mounted digital readout of speed, distance, battery reserve, navigation.
  • Smartphone mount and app for readout of speed, distance, battery reserve and navigation.
  • Removable battery, or lockable battery and motor to deter theft.
  • Sprocket-mounted motor and removable battery for balance on your RV bike rack.
  • Bright lights front and rear for better visibility, and to see after dark, and brake light.
  • Cargo rack or predrilled attachment points.
  • Comfort seat for long rides.

Image Credits: wikipedia.com

Read 765 times Last modified on Thursday, 09 May 2019 21:07